Humectants vs Emollients: The Types of Moisturizing Skincare Products

Humectants vs Emollients: The Types of Moisturizing Skincare Products || humectants vs emollients, humectant examples, how do emollients work

You may have seen many different ingredients in your moisturizing products that you鈥檝e tried over the years 鈥 things like hyaluronic acid, shea butter, and even certain oils. Many do their job well, but how exactly do all of these moisturizers work? There are actually two different approaches to moisturizing and retaining moisture in the skin: humectants & emollients!

In this blog, we鈥檙e going to take a look at humectants vs emollients, some emollient and humectant examples, and answer two very important questions: how do emollients work and how do humectants work? Let鈥檚 dive in.

Humectants vs Emollients

Let's go over the key differences between these types of moisturizers.

Humectants

Humectants are 鈥榟ygroscopic鈥 substances that physically attract and retain moisture. You鈥檒l find skin-safe humectants in cosmetics, lotions, and other skin products to help keep your skin hydrated and prevent it from drying out.聽

Examples urea, aloe, glycerin, and hyaluronic acid

Emollients

Emollients are substances that soften and soothe the skin. Emollients are often used in skin care products to treat dry, itchy, or scaly skin conditions; they can also be used to prevent or treat sunburn.聽

Examples coconut oil, olive oil, shea butter, and lanolin

NOTE: Since emollients and some humectants are derived mostly from plants and animals, be cautious. Don鈥檛 use (or do a spot test first) an emollient from a plant or animal source that you may be allergic to.

How Do Humectants Work?

Humectants work by physically absorbing and locking in unused water in the air and surrounding tissue. This technology is quite an intelligent application, because some people have a hard time keeping their skin moisturized, no matter what products they use. With humectants, an individual can keep their skin moisturized and healthy, no matter what the weather looks like!

How Do Emollients Work?

鈥淓mollients have an anti-inflammatory activity and also give some transient relief from irritation.鈥 - Ivana Nola et al


Emollients take a 鈥渂arrier鈥 approach to moisturizing. Emollients sit on the surface of the skin and don鈥檛 allow moisture to leave. They鈥檙e also generally very fatty and can smooth out the skin鈥檚 rough appearance. This approach is great for people with skin that is already soft, healthy, and moisturized, but it doesn鈥檛 always help people who struggle with dry, damaged skin. Emollients are generally combined with or used after deeply-moisturizing ingredients for greater effect.

How We Use Humectants & Emollients At Rejuvaskin

Here at Rejuvaskin, our goal is always to come up with the best solution to a skincare concern, while using the most natural, least irritating ingredients we can. For example, we use glycerin and natural plant oils in our Facial Moisturizer and hyaluronic acid, glycerin, and aloe in our Skin Recovery Cream.


For each product, we selected the humectant or emollient (or both!) that would give the best results for the product鈥檚 intended skin condition. So, if you just need an all-purpose moisturizer to layer on after other products, check out our Facial Moisturizer. If you need a cream that both soothes your dry, irritated skin and helps your skin get more moisture, try our Skin Recovery Cream!